Students learning from each other in an informal atmosphere and without any supervising authority may perform better academically. Students also learn while explaining their ideas and during the active participation in multiple activities. Collective learning enhances other crucial soft skills and a better understanding of the curricula. 

Mentioned below are some peer to peer learning practices –

Senior to Junior

The senior student while teaching his junior himself gets to go over the topics again he has learnt through the role play of being a teacher. This also helps build upon his mentorship and leadership skills. 

One need not be senior by the virtue of age. One can be a senior in the level of skill from his peers. Here he will act as the ‘more knowledgeable other’ thereby helping his peer to come up to his level. Here one gets to refine his knowledge while applying it in his explanation. 

Take Turns in Teaching

Pair the mixed ability student in a tutor and tutee roles. The participants will progress through content together. Students get turns in teaching and giving feedback to each other and teaching strategies can be shared with the whole class.

Peer Study Groups

Also known as peer support groups or private study groups. Such groups are organized by the students themselves during their free time, after school or on weekends. These peer groups are beneficial for motivating students to start preparing for exams or complete their assignments in time. Peers push each other to do better and can collectively come up with ideas to support and help each other meet their academic challenges. 

Students should be encouraged to make these types of groups online while we still need to maintain social distancing.  Initially it can be like an online homework help group and then gradually take it forward. 

Think-Pair-Share Activities

This activity is a three lesson-processing experience where students are allowed to work individually and with a tutor or tutee. A pair of students are picked from the class. One becomes a tutor and the other tutee.  The pair then discusses their findings with each other through questions and answers. The pair then shares their research work with the rest of the class and the floor is open to questions. This practice helps students have a conceptual understanding and the ability to filter information to come to a conclusion and also be receptive to the other points of view. 

The Jigsaw Method

Divide the class into groups. To start with, each group focuses on a different aspect of the topic. Then shuffle the groups. The new group formed has students bearing varied knowledge on the topic. Now give them a task to make the activity engaging and fun. 

Source: EdTech Review